Cut rate and term, but not paymentIf you can handle the same monthly payment (or even a little more), consider reducing the term of the mortgage when you refinance. With rates so low, you might be able to get the same payment for a 20-year loan as your current 30-year mortgage. Shorter terms mean lower rates.
A client traded in his 30-year fixed mortgage of $315,000 at 5.75 percent for a 20-year fixed-rate mortgage at 3.625 percent. His payment went from $1,838.25 to $1,847.17 (almost the same), but he eliminated eight years of interest.
Extract equityIf you have big expenses in your future -- tuition, medical treatment, or a family event (not a boat or a beach house) -- you can borrow while rates are low. While refinancing your current loan, see what borrowing a few extra bucks would do to the payment.
One home owner refinanced his 30-year fixed-rate mortgage, halved the number of years, took out an extra $30,000 to cover his son's future tuition and increased his mortgage payment by $211 a month.
Get rid of an ARMChange from an adjustable-rate mortgage, or ARM, to a fixed-rate loan while the rates are low, even if it means sacrificing a lower payment.
Another has a condo in Manhattan with a 5/1 ARM at an awesome 2.875 percent. Her original mortgage amount is for $350,000, but she has paid it down to $280,000. Her monthly payment is $1,500, but the party is set to end in December 2013. Now, 20 months before the rate adjusts, she is applying for a $280,000 fixed-rate loan at 4 percent with the same monthly payment. By refinancing at the reduced loan amount, her monthly payment stays the same for the balance of the loan term.
Merge first and second mortgagesIf you have two mortgages that, combined, are less than 80 percent of the value of your home, try a cash-out refinance to pay off the second loan. Your monthly payment will increase because you are paying more than just interest on the second mortgage, but if the prime rate goes up in a few years, you will benefit.
If the value of the home decreased and you have less than 20 percent equity, a cash-out refinance can be difficult to do. But you can refinance the first mortgage for 80 percent of the appraised value, and if you have cash left after paying off the first mortgage, you can repay part of the outstanding balance of the home equity line of credit. Then you can ask the HELOC lender to reduce your credit limit. A good loan officer can walk you through this tricky process.
Splitting a jumbo loanJumbo mortgages -- in most places, home loans for more than $417,000 -- tend to have higher interest rates. To save money on a refinance of a jumbo mortgage, consider splitting the loan into two.
In this scenario, the first mortgage is no higher than $417,000, and the second mortgage is a home equity line of credit. This loan structure especially benefits borrowers who can pay down the HELOC in fewer than 10 years. By paying down the HELOC within a decade, they are left with a low-rate first mortgage.
One caution: If you want to refinance a jumbo loan into a $417,000 first mortgage and a line of credit, you'll find that most lenders will require you to have 20 percent equity or, in some cases, 15 percent equity.